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970 artificial caves underwater in Ras Al Khaimah

31 January 2021

Dr. Saif Al-Ghais, Director General of the Environment Protection and Development Authority in Ras Al Khaimah, confirmed that the industrial caves have achieved the purpose and goal of landing them in the region's waters, after increasing their number to 970 artificial caves, and he said: They significantly contributed to stopping the extinction of numbers of fish, and preserved their reproduction. As a result of the growth of algae and coral reefs, which grew in these artificial caves, which in turn enhanced the fish stocks and found shelter and shelter to protect the young fish and for the fishermen to benefit from them. The Director General of the Authority indicated that the caves attract many types of algae and marine life to create an environment for young fish to settle and shelter in, which were landed in November 2016 on seven sites along the coasts of the emirate, explaining that each site contains an average of 100 artificial caves or more. The results are good since the first three months, as marine life began to colonize these figures and take shelter from them, and the number of these species exceeded thirty species, such as grouper, yin, poetic, grouse, net, geyser, and even sharks, in addition to fish that visit the sites of the models in search of food.

Al-Ghais indicated that these caves were built according to the directives of His Highness Sheikh Saud bin Saqr Al Qasimi, Member of the Supreme Council and Ruler of Ras Al Khaimah, with the aim of protecting fish wealth and the marine environment and achieving the availability of fish stocks for fishermen, especially since the presence of these caves provides places for the fish to nursery in the reserve. Fish and thus the transfer of stocks, in order to ensure the continuity of fishermen in their profession, stressing that the artificial caves represent the appropriate environment and safe habitats for fish, especially in the breeding seasons, and also contribute to providing an appropriate environment for the revival of marine biodiversity, in addition to increasing the stock of fish wealth, and bringing fishing distances closer to the visitors. The sea, which is directly reflected in the reduction of financial costs, expenses involved in the daily fishing trip, and periodic maintenance of fishermen's boats and engines.

The Ministry of Climate Change and Environment had issued Ministerial Decree No. 103 of 2017 regarding the organization of establishing or building artificial landscapes, within the framework of the efforts made by the Ministry, in cooperation with the concerned authorities regarding the development of living aquatic resources, and the enhancement of fish stocks with fishing waters in The state, as an important resource and basic pillar of food security, as the new ministerial decision permits the establishment or construction of artificial landscapes for the purposes of scientific research or for the development of certain types of living aquatic wealth, for groups that include government agencies, scientific research bodies and universities, and fishermen registered in the public registry in the ministry, And fishermen's cooperative societies.

According to the decision, it is required to obtain a license from the competent authority (environmental bodies and municipalities), as the applicant must provide the competent authority with a map specifying the proposed sites for erecting or building artificial landscapes, and any other documents required by the competent authority, in addition to determining the sites. Designated for establishing or building artificial landscapes on maps, determining their coordinates, and inspecting and examining materials used before landing at sea.

Fishermen
In turn, Ras Al Khaimah fishermen explained that the presence of artificial caves contributed to raising the level of fish stocks in the emirate, not to mention the multiplicity of species and sizes, noting that the authority did not focus on a specific area in the emirate, but rather enumerated the places and sites for landing these artificial caves.
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